Industry and Agriculture


   The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the British Isles. The British Isles consists of two large islands: Great Britain and Ireland and a lot of smaller islands. The U.K. unites four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Great Britain consists of three countries-England, Scotland, and Wales and doesn’t include Northern Ireland, but very often they say “Great Britain” when think about the United Kingdom.

People outside outside Great Britain call those who live in the U.K.-the English. But it is not quite right, because there are four nationalities in this state: the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish. English is the official state language but the Scots also speak Scottish, the Welsh-Welsh, the Irish-Irish. England is the largest part of the U.K. and sometimes the U.K. Is also called England.

The population of the U.K. is about 56 million. Most of the people live in large towns G.B. is a highly industrialized country. It is the country where modern industry was born. The largest industrial cities and areas are: London, Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Belfast, South and North Wales. The main industrial products in London are clothes, food, planes and cars. In Birmingham they produce machines, cars, lorries, TV-sets and radios. Cotton textile products, computers and electronic equip­ment are made in Manchester. South Wales is known for coal mining, in North Wales steel and chemicals are produced. Ship - building always was, is and will be a very important industry in the U.K. London, Glasgow and Belfast are the main ship - building centers.

Agriculture is also developed in G.B. There a lot cattle-farms and farms producing milk, butter and cheese in many parts of England and ii Scotland. Sheep can be seen in many parts of G.B., too. They give very good wool and also meat. They grow wheat and all kinds of vegetables in England. Fruit, especially apples, also grow in the U.K.


To be situated-располагаться; to include-включать; to consist of - состоять из; outside – вне, зa пределами; to call-называть, is not quite right-не совсем правильно; modem-современный; Cotton-textile-текстильная; equipment-оборудование; especially – особенно.